Feb 12, 2014
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(Burm. f) Wight & Arn.

Synonym ► Z. rotundifolia Lam. Rhamnus nummularia Burm. f.

Family ► Rhamnaceae.

English ► Wild Jujube.

Ayurvedic ► Karkandhu.

Unani ► Jharber, Sadarber.

Action ► Fruit—cooling and astringent. Prescribed for bilious affections. Leaves—used in scabies and other skin diseases.

The root bark contains 12% of tannin and cyclopeptide alkaloids—num- mularines A, B and C, mucronine D and amphibine H. The leaves contain ascorbic acid. Nummularine M, R and S, besides frangufoline have been isolated from the stem bark. Num- mularine R and S showed antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, while frangufoline was active against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The alkaloid fraction, obtained from the bark, showed significant analgesic activity.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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