Feb 12, 2014
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(Lam.) Gaertn. non-Mill.

Synonym ► Z. mauritiana Lam. Rhamnus jujuba L.

Family ► Rhamnaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India and in the outer Himalayas up to 1,350 m.

English ► Indian Jujube, Common Jujube.

Ayurvedic ► Badar, Kola.

Unani ► Ber.

Siddha ► Handai.

Action ► Fruits—wild var.: astringent, anodyne, cooling, stomachic, styptic. Ripe and dry cultivated var.: mild laxative, expectorant. Seeds—antidiarrhoeal. Kernels— antispasmodic, sedative, antiemetic. Leaves—astringent and diaphoretic. Stem bark—astringent, used in diarrhoea. Root bark—juice purgative, externally applied to rheumatic inflammations and gout. Leaves and twigs—paste applied to abscesses, boils and carbuncles and in strangury.

Leaves gave protopine and berberine; exhibited anticholinergic activity. Fruits gave cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, Sisyphus saponins I, II and III; jujubo- side B and p-coumaroylates of alphi- tolic acid. Seeds gave saponins—juju- bosides A and B; the saponin yields the sapogenin—jujubogenin.

A variety grown in Haryana (Naazu- ka) contains sugars 10.5% and ascorbic acid 205 mg/100 g.

Dosage ► Dried fruit pulp, devoid of seed—3-6 g; stem bark—3- 5 g powder, 10-20 g for decoction. (API, Vol. III.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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