Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► X. spinosa Salisb.

Family ► Olacaceae.

Habitat ► Both the Peninsulas and the Andaman Islands.

English ► Tallow-Wood, False Sandal-Wood.

Siddha/Tamil ► Chiru-illantai, Kadaranji, Siruyilandai.

Action ► Fruits—known as Wild Plum or Wild Olive, are used as a substitute for lemon. Fruits and seeds—laxative. Root and leaves— decoction given in jaundice, diarrhoea and during fevers. Root—used for venereal diseases. Bark—astringent, applied to sores. Wood—used as a substitute for sandalwood.

The root contains fat, rich in acety- lenic acids, including ximenynic acid. The bark contains 17% tannin. An extract of leaves gave positive test for presence of free triterpenoids.

Alcoholic extract of the plant showed antiviral and hypotensive activity in primary tests on animals.

A cyanogenic and antimicrobial constituent, sambunigrin, is present in the plant. Natural lignified products from the plant significantly stimulate iodination of human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells.

The fruit contains 60.3 mg/100 g ascorbic acid.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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