Feb 12, 2014
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ULMUS WALLICHIANA

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Planch.

Family ► Ulmaceae.

Habitat ► The North Western Himalayas.

English ► Himalayan Elm. Slippery Elm is equated with Ulmus fulva.

Folk ► Hemar, Kitamaara.

Action ► Bark—astringent, demulcent, emollient, expectorant, diuretic.

The bark contains 0.76% tannins. Ulmus fulva Michx, though known as Indian or Sweet Elm, is an American plant and does not occur in India.

Powdered bark of Ulmus fulva gives a mucilage, composed of galactose, 3- methyl galactose, rhamnose and galac- turonic acid residues. As a gruel it is prescribed for patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers. Coarse powdered bark is applied as poultice to burns and skin eruptions.

The mucilages cause reflex stimulation of nerve endings in the GI tract and lead to mucous secretion which protects the GI tract against ulceration and excess acidity. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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