Feb 12, 2014
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TURNERA ULMIFOLIA

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Linn.

Synonym ► T. angustifolia Mill.

Family ► Turneraceae.

Habitat ► West Bengal and Orissa and in the Peninsular India, particularly on the coast.

English ► West Indian Holly, Sagerose.

Folk ► Bhinjir (Maharashtra).

Action ► Herb—prescribed in indigestion, biliousness (leaves are used against dysentery), chest ailments and rheumatism.

The fresh plant yields a mixture of cyanohydrin glucosides—deidaclin and tetraphyllin. Seeds, along with normal fatty acids, contain a few unusual fatty acids, including vernolic, malvalic and octanoic acids.

An allied species Turnera diffusa var. aphrodisiaca, a native to the Gulfof Mexico, Southern California, (known as Damiana) is used in India by homoeopathic practitioners as a tonic and sex restorative, and for treating premature ejaculation.

Turnera diffusa Willd. has been included among unapproved herbs by German Commission E. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia recognizes its thymoleptic activity.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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