Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat ► Warmer regions of India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh. Bihar, West Bengal and Assam.

English ► Patol, Pointed Gourd.

Ayurvedic ► Patola, Kulaka, Raa- jiphala, Karkashchhada, Karkasha, Bijagarbha.

Unani ► Parwal.

Siddha ► Kommu Patolia.

Action ► Aerial parts—hypogly- caemic. Fruits—juice of unripe fruits used in spermatorrhoea. Leaves—febrifuge; prescribed as a diet in enlargement of liver and spleen; piles and fistula. Root— cathartic, febrifuge.

The fruits contain free amino acids, nicotinic acid, riboflavin, vitamin C, thiamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine. Mature plant and root gave cucurbita-5, 24-dienol. Colocynthin, trichosan- thin, hentriacontane have been isolated from the root.

Fatty acids from the seeds comprise elaeostearic, linoleic, oleic and saturated acids.

The whole fruit and pulp produced significant hypocholesterolaemic, hy- potriglyceridaemic and hyper-phos- pholipidaemic effects in normal and midly diabetic human subjects.

Extracts of seeds exhibit haemagglu- nating activity.

Dosage ► Leaf—10-2 ml juice. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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