Feb 12, 2014
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TRICHOSANTHES BRACTEATA

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(Lam.) Viogt.

Synonym ► T. palmata Roxb. T. lepiniana (Naud.) Cogn. Involucraria lepiniana Naud.

Family ► Cucurbitaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, in moist places.

Ayurvedic ► Indravaaruni (red var.), Vishaalaa, Mahaakaala, Mahendra-vaaruni.

Folk ► Mahkaar, Maakaal, Laal Indraayana, Kondal.

Action ► Same as that of Citrullus colocynthis. The fruits are poisonous. The seed extract show haemagglutinating activity. Fruit— cathartic, antiasthmatic (the fruit is smoked in asthma and lung diseases), anti-inflammatory (used for rheumatic affections, weakness of limbs, dental diseases, hemicrania).

The root gave tetrahydroxypenta- cyclic triterpenoid, trichotetrol. Cy- clotrichosantol and cycloeucalenol have been isolated from the leaves.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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