Feb 12, 2014
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(Linn.) Sprague.

Synonym ► T. copticum Link. Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern.

Family ► Umbelliferae; Apiaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar.

English ► Ammi, Lovage, Carum, Ajowan.

Ayurvedic ► Yavaani, Yamaani, Yavaanikaa, Yamaanikaa, Dipyaka.

Unani ► Nankhwaah, DesiAjawaayin.

Siddha/Tamil ► Omam.

Action ► Fruits—carminative, antispasmodic, anticholerin, an- tidiarrhoeal, bechic, stimulant.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the dried fruits in tympanitis, constipation, colic and helminthiasis. Oil—used as an expectorant in emphysema, bronchial and other respiratory ailments.

Used externally in cases of rheumatism. Leafjuice—anthelmintic. Root— carminative, diuretic, febrifuge.

The aqueous extract of the fruit is a popular remedy for diarrhoea in Indian medicine.

The fruit, in addition to protein (17.1), fat (21.8), carbohydrates (24.6) and mineral matter (7.9%), contains sugars, tannins, flavone and sterol. The seeds contain a phenolic glucoside, 2-methyl-3-glucosyloxy-5-isopropyl phenol.

The principal constituents of the Ajowan oil are the phenols, mainly thymol (35-60%) and some carvacrol. (Crystalized thymol is known in the trade as Ajowan-kaa-phuul, Flower- of-Ajowan.)

Thymol is a powerful antiseptic and antifungal. It is an ingredient in deodorant mouth-washes, toothpastes and gargles. The aqueous portion, left after the separation of essential oil, is known as Omum-water and is prescribed in flatulence and gripe, especially in children.

Dosage ► Fruit—3-6 g powder. (API, Vol. I.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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