Feb 12, 2014
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TERMINALIA PANICULATA

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Roth.

Family ► Combretaceae.

Habitat ► Forests of Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats up to 1,200 m.

English ► Flowering Murdah.

Folk ► Kinjal (Maharashtra); Neemeeri, Nimiri (Andhra Pradesh); Pekadukkai (Tamil Nadu); Pilamuruthu, Pillamurda (Kerala). Kindal (trade).

Action ► Bark—diuretic, cardiotonic. Juice of the bark, mixed with purified butter and rock-salt, is applied in parotitis.

The heartwood gave 3,3′-O-di- methylellagic acid and 3,4,3′-O-tri- methylflavellagic acid. A triterpene carboxylic acid, beta-sitosterol, a gly- coside 3,3′-di-O-methylellagic acid- 4-monoglucoside and O-pentamethyl flavellagic acid have been isolated.

The bark contains 14% tannins, also beta-sitosterol.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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