Roxb.Family ► Tamaricaceae.Habitat ► Throughout in river beds and near sea-coasts in Tamil Nadu.Ayurvedic ► Maachikaa (related species).Siddha/Tamil ► Nirumari.Folk ► Jhaau. Galls—Maayin.Action ► Twigs and galls—astringent. Tannin content—leaves 8%, twig- bark 10%, galls 50%.The leaves gave tamarixetin, kaemp- feride, quercetiin and D-mannitol. Aerial parts contain trans-2-hydroxy- methoxycinnamic acid and isorham- netin. Hexane extract gave hentriacon- tan-7-ol.The flavones (tamaridone and tama- done) have also been isolated from ethanolic extract, along with hexaco- syl-p-coumarate, gardenin, nevaden- sin and apigenin. Gardenin B exhibited antiviral and anti-invasive activity against solid tumours.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants