Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Tamaricaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout in river beds and near sea-coasts in Tamil Nadu.

Ayurvedic ► Maachikaa (related species).

Siddha/Tamil ► Nirumari.

Folk ► Jhaau. Galls—Maayin.

Action ► Twigs and galls—astringent. Tannin content—leaves 8%, twig- bark 10%, galls 50%.

The leaves gave tamarixetin, kaemp- feride, quercetiin and D-mannitol. Aerial parts contain trans-2-hydroxy- methoxycinnamic acid and isorham- netin. Hexane extract gave hentriacon- tan-7-ol.

The flavones (tamaridone and tama- done) have also been isolated from ethanolic extract, along with hexaco- syl-p-coumarate, gardenin, nevaden- sin and apigenin. Gardenin B exhibited antiviral and anti-invasive activity against solid tumours.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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