Feb 12, 2014
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(Linn.) Merr. & Perry.

Synonym ► Eugenia aromatica Kuntze.

Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. Caryophyllus aromaticus Linn.

Family ► Myrtaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

English ► Clove.

Ayurvedic ► Lavanga, Devakusum, Devapushpa, Shrisangya, Shripra- suunaka.

Unani ► Qaranful, Laung.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kiraambu, Lavangam.

Action ► Carminative, antiinflammatory, antibacterial. Flower buds—antiemetic, stimulant, carminative. Used in dyspepsia, gastric irritation. Oil—employed as a local analgesic for hypersensitive dent- lines and carious cavaties; internally as a carminative and antispasmodic.

Key application ► In inflammatory changes of oral and pharyngeal mucosa; in dentistry; for topical anesthesia. (German Commission E.)

Eugenin, triterpene acids, crategolic acid and steroid glucosides afford anti- inflammatory and antiseptic proper ties to the buds. Eugenol, a major component of the oil, is antibacterial. Acetone extract of clove, eugenol and acetyleugenol possess cholagogue activity. The eugenol and acetyleugenol components of the clove oil inhibit arachidonate-, adrenalin- and collagen- induced platelet aggregation.

Clove terpenes show significant activity as inducers of detoxifying enzyme, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in mouse liver and intestine and bring about carcinogen detoxification.

Whole cloves might have chemopro- tective activity against liver and bone marrow toxicity. (The Review of Natural Products by Facts and Comparisons, 1999.)

Dosage ► Dried flower-bud—0.5-2.0 g powder. (API, Vol. I.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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