Feb 12, 2014
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STRYCHNOS POTATORUM

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Linn.f.

Family ► Loganiaceae; Strychnaceae.

Habitat ► Forests of West Bengal, Central and South India, up to 1,200 m.

English ► Clearing Nut tree.

Ayurvedic ► Kataka, Katakaphala, Payah-prasaadi, Chakshushya, Nirmali.

Unani ► Nirmali.

Siddha/Tamil ► Thettran, Thetrankot- tai.

Action ► Seed—antidiabetic, antidysenteric, emetic.

Mannogalactan from seeds reduces cholesterol and triglycerides (one-tenth and one-fifth when compared to clofi- brate). Seeds are also applied to abscesses, and venereal sores (internally in gonorrhoea). Fruits—antidiabet- ic; antidysenteric, expectorant. (Pulp is used as a substitute for ipecacuanha.)

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn- dia recommends the seed in dysuria, polyuria, urolithiasis, also in epilepsy.

The seeds, leaves and trunk bark gave diabolin (major alkaloid) and acetyldiabolin. Seeds also gavebrucine, strychnine, novacine, icajine, oleanolic acid and its glycoside. Leaves and bark gave isomotiol, stigmasterol, campes- terol and sitosterol. Diabolin exhibits hypotensive activity.

A decoction of seeds is given to treat stammering.

The seeds resemble those of Nux- vomica but are non-poisonous. The ripe seeds are used for clearing muddy water.

Dosage ► Seed—3-6 g. (API, Vol. IV.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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