Feb 12, 2014
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STERCULIA FOETIDA

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Linn.

Family ► Sterculiaceae.

Habitat ► South India, also cultivated on roadsides.

Habitat ► The West Coast from Konkan southwards.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pinari, Kudirai Pidukku.

Folk ► Jangali Baadaam (in no way related to Prunus amygdalus).

Action ► Bark and leaf—aperient, diuretic. Fruit—astringent. Seed oil—carminative, laxative. Wood— antirheumatic. The wood, boiled with seed oil, is used externally in rheumatism.

Beans, called Java Olives, if taken in large quantities, cause nausea, act as violent purgative.

The leaves gave glucuronyl derivatives of procyanidin, scutellarein and luteolin; also taraxerol, n-otacosanol and beta-sitosterol. Lupenone, lupe- ol and betulin were obtained from the heartwood. Seed and root lipid contained cyclopropene fatty acids. Ster- culic and malvalic acids show carcinogenic and co-carcinogenic activities.

Leucoanthoyanidin – 3 – O – alpha – L – rhamnopyranoside and quercetin rhamnoside have been isolated from the root.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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