Vahl.Synonym ► S. indica C. B. Clarke.Family ► Verbenaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated in gardens.English ► Brazilian Tea, Bastard Vervain, Aaron’s Rod.Ayurvedic ► Kariyartharani.Siddha/Tamil ► Simainayuruvi, Simainaivirunji, Naioringi.Folk ► Chirchiti, Marang Chirchiti.Action ► Febrifuge, antiinflammatory. In Brazil, the plant is externally used for purulent ulcers and internally for rheumatic inflammations and fever. An infusion of the bark is used against diarrhoea and dysentery.The leaves contain friedelin, stig- masterol, ursolic acid, hispidulin, scu- tellarein, choline, phenolic acids, chlo- rogenic acid and flavonoids—6-hy- droxyluteolol-7-glucuronide, luteolol- 7-glucuronide and apigenol-7-glucu- ronide. Stems and leaves gave an iri- doid glycoside, tarphetalin (ipolami- ide). The leaves are reported to be used for colds and cough.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants