Feb 12, 2014
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Written by

A. Juss.

Family ► Meliaceae.

Habitat ► Peninsular India, Rajasthan and Bihar.

English ► Indian Red-Wood, Bastard Cedar.

Ayurvedic ► Maansrohini, Rohini, Rohinaa, Prahaarvalli.

Siddha/Tamil ► Somi-maram, Wond.

Action ► Bark—antipyretic (particularly prescribed in malaria), bitter tonic in general debility, astringent (used for diarrhoea and dysentery); used as a gargle in stomatitis, applied to rheumatic swellings. The bark is much inferior to cinchona bark, but a good substitute for oak bark.

The plant contains mainly tetra- nor-triterpenoids and flavonoids. The heartwood gave febrifugine A and B, febrinins A and B; flavonoids— naringenin, quercetin, myricetin and dehydromyricetin. The Root heart- wood yielded sitosterol, obtusifoliol, syringetin and dihydrosyringetin. The bark contains tetranor-triterpenoids with modified furan ring.

Petroleum ether extract of the bark yielded a steroid, methyl angolensate, ether extract yielded a steroid glyco- side.

Dosage ► Bark—3-5 g powder. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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