Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► S. rubrum Mill.

Family ► Solanaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, in dry parts, up to an elevation of 2,100 m.

English ► Black Nightshade.

Ayurvedic ► Kaakamaachi, Kaakaahya, Kaakamaataa, Dhvankshamaachi.

Unani ► Mako (smallar var., black var.)

Siddha/Tamil ► Manittakkali.

Action ► Plant—anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, sedative, diuretic, laxative, antiseptic; fresh extract is used for inflammatory swellings, enlargement of liver and spleen and in cirrhosis of liver. Berries— antidiarrhoeal, antipyretic. Berries and flowers—prescribed in cough and cold. Leaves— applied hot to swollen testicles; paste used as poultice to gout, rheumatic swellings and skin diseases.

The berries contain steroidal alkaloid glycosides, solasonine, alpha- and beta-solanigrine, alpha-and beta- solamargine; steroidal sapogenins, di- osgenin and tigogenin; solasodine and solasodine.

Solamargine and solasonine are present also in leaves. The total alkaloid content of fruits and leaves are 0.101 and 0.431% respectively.

Dosage ► Whole plant—5-10 ml juice. (API, Vol. II.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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