Feb 12, 2014
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SOLANUM ELAEAGNIFOLIUM

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Cav.

Family ► Solanaceae.

Habitat ► Native to tropical America; naturalized in India as a weed (met with in cultivated fields and gardens in Coimbatore).

English ► White Horse-Nettle.

Action ► Plant—used as a poultice for sores and ulcers. The plant is a rich source of the steroidal alkaloid, solasodine. The fruit and leaves contain 3-4% (solasodine 3.2%) and 0.18% total alkaloids. Fruits also contain 0.55% diosgenin.

A related species S. khasianum (Assam, Sikkim, West Bengal, Orissa and the Nilgiris, ascending to an altitude of 1,600 m) is also a good source of solaso- dine. The fruits collected from Nilgiris contain 5.4% solasodine on dry weight basis.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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