Apr 6, 2014
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So-called to distinguish the disease from syphilis, the great pox (pox being the plural of pock, the Old English term for a PUSTULE), is also known as variola (from varus, the Latin for pimple). It is an acute, highly infectious disease due to a virus. Once it was one of the major killing diseases; however, in the 1960s the World Health Organisation undertook an eradication scheme by means of mass VACCINATION. As a result, the last naturally occurring case was recorded in October 1977, and on 8 May 1980 the World Health Assembly confirmed that smallpox has finally been eradicated from the world.

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Medical Dictionary

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