Feb 12, 2014
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RUMEX MARITIMUS

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Linn.

Family ► Polygonaceae.

Habitat ► The temperate Himalayas, Assam, Bengal, Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.

English ► Golden Dock.

Ayurvedic ► Kunanjara.

Unani ► Seeds—Beejband, (siyah or safed), Jangali Paalak.

Action ► Leaves—catharitic; externally applied to burns. Seeds— incorporated in sex-tonics as aphrodisiac. (Seeds of Sida cordifolia and Abutilon indicum are also used as Beejband.) Roots are used as a substitute for rhubarb.

The leaves contain anthraquinones both in free and bound forms. The fruits contain rumarin (0.12%) rutin and hyperin. The seeds contain 5.1% tannin.

The roots are purgative; contain chrysophanic acid, saccharose and tannin (6%).

The seeds and leaves contain ru- marin, rutin, hyperin, chrysophanic acid, charose, tannin, emodin and its monoethyl ether, beta-sitosterol and its glucoside.

Habitat ► The temperate Himalayas, Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.

Folk ► Kulli (Kumaon).

Action ► Root—purgative. A substitute for Rheum palmatum. Leaves— an infusion is given in colic, externally applied to syphilitic ulcers.

The roots contain nepodin, chryso- phanic acid, also 12.8% tannin.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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