Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Polygonaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe; found in Mt. Abu.

English ► Yellow Dock, Curled Dock.

Ayurvedic ► Chukra, Chukrikaa, Patraamla, Rochani, Shatvedhani.

Action ► Root—used as a laxative in rheumatism, bilious disorders, and as an astringent in piles and haemorrhagic affections; also used for skin eruptions, chronic skin diseases, scrofula, scurvy, congested liver and jaundice. Acts like Sarsaparilla when used for scrofulous skin affections and glandular swellings. Seeds— astringent. Used for dysentery.

The root contains anthraquinones (about 2.17-4%) including nepodin, and other glycosides based on chryso- phanol, physcion and emodin; also tannins, rumicin and oxalates. Large doses should be avoided. Disturbances caused by the plant are attributed to rumicin. The root and rhizome are reported to stimulate bile production. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

The leaves contain 30 mg/100 g ascorbic acid.

R. crispus is pharmacologically more active than rhubarb, because the extracts of the roots of the former contain more quantity of anthraquinones (2.17%) than the extracts of the latter (1.42%).

It has been suggested that Amlavetas should be equated with R. crispus.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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