Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Rosaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated chiefly in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

English ► Cabbage Rose, Provence Rose, Hundred-leaved Rose.

Ayurvedic ► Shatapatri, Shatapatrikaa (Shatapatra is equated with Nelum- bo nucifera.), Taruni, Devataruni, Karnikaa, Chaarukesharaa, Laak- shaa, Gandhaaddhyaa. (Flowers— usually pink and double.)

Unani ► Gul-e-Surkh.

Siddha/Tamil ► Iroja, Rajapoo.

Action ► Flowers—a decoction is prescribed for inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, and ulcers of the intestine. Powder of rose buttons and seeds—astringent in haemorrhage and diarrhoea.

The flowers and leaves contain 1.3 and 8.5% of saponin respectively. Pe- tels are reported to contain methionine sulphoxide.

Cabbage rose yields a volatile oil (0.2%) consisting mainly of citronellol, geraniol, nerol, phenylethanol, linalool and citral. It contains 15% tannins (oligomeric proanthocyanidins).

Dosage ► Dried flower—3-6 g powder. (API, Vol. III.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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