Linn.Family ► Rosaceae.Habitat ► Asian Minor region. Cultivated in Indian gardens.English ► Common English Dog Rose, White Cottage Rose.Ayurvedic ► Sevati, Shveta Taruni. (Flowers—white or bluish.)Unani ► Sevati. Garden var.— Gul-safed Bustaani, Vard Abyaz. Wild var.—Gul-safed Sahraai, Vard Abyaz Barri.Action ► Flower—cardiac tonic, prescribed in palpitation of heart, febrifuge. Petal—laxative.Rose hip contains pectin, citric acid and malic acid which are responsible for its laxative activity.The pollen contains carotene (2.08 mg/100 g), free and bound amino acids and sugars.The major constituents of the essential oil are geraniol, beta-phenylethyl alcohol, beta-geranic acid, geraniol esters, nerol, citronellol, eugenol, methyl- eugenol and benzoate.R. Canina Linn. is equated with (Indian) Dog Rose. The anthocyanin, isolated from the petals, exhibits radio- protective effect. The scavenging and antilipoperoxidant activities of the fruit depend on the polyphenol content.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants