Roxb.Family ► Fabaceae.Habitat ► The Andamans, sparingly cultivated in West Bengal.English ► Andaman Padauk, Andaman Redwood.Ayurvedic ► Rakta-chandana (var.).Siddha ► Vengai (Tamil), Yerravegisa (Telugu).Folk ► Chalangada (Andamans). Action ► See Pterocarpus santalinus.The wood contains a red pigment santalin and a yellow flavonoid santal, both of which also occur in Pterocarpus santalinus. The bark and the heartwood contain pterostilbene. The heartwood yields pterocarpin, liquirit- igenin and isoliquiritigenin. The sapwood gave homopterocarpin additionally.Pterocarpus indicus Willd. non-Baker, Malay Padauk, is also known as Vengai in Tamil and Yerravegisa in Telugu. A decoction of the wood is given in dropsy and for stone in the bladder. The bark-kino is used as an application for sores and a decoction of the bark or kino is used for diarrhoea.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants