Feb 12, 2014
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POGOSTEMON BENGHALENSIS

Written by

Kuntze.

Synonym ► P. plectranthoides Desf.

Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout greater part of India.

Folk ► Ishwar-jataa. Jui-lataa (Bihar, Bengal). Phaangalaa (Maharashtra).

Action ► Root—used in haemorrhage, especially in uterine haemorrhage. Leaf—styptic; used for cleaning wounds. Essential oil—antifungal. Acetone extract— insecticidal, insect repellent.

Pogostemonpubescens Benth., synonym P. parviflorus Benth. is also known as Phaangalaa in Maharashtra. Aerial part exhibits antifungal and leaf antibacterial activity.

Sesquiterpene lactone, caryophyl- len-9-beta-10-olide, has been isolated from the whole plant.

Pogostemon purpurascens Dalz. (Manipur and South-western India) also possesses properties similar to P. benghalensis. The acetone extract exhibited larvicidal activity against the larvae of malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi. It also showed activity against yellow fever mosquito.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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