Less.Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.Habitat ► Sundarbans, in salt marshes and mangrove swamps.Folk ► Kukarondh, Manjurukh (Bengal).Action ► Root and leaves—astringent, antipyretic; given in decoction as a diaphoretic in fevers. Leaf— juice is given for dysentery; an infusion for lumbago, also against leucorrhoea. Root—antiinflammatory, hepatoprotective.The aerial parts contain terpenic glycosides. The root contains sesqui- terpenes, lignin glycosides, thiophene derivatives.The extracts of defatted roots showed significant anti-inflammatory activity. The extracts inhibited protein exudation and leucocyte migration.Neuropharmacological studies on different experimental models of rodents exhibited potent central nervous system depressant activity.The methanolic fraction of the extract exhibited significant hepatopro- tective activity against induced hepa- totoxicity in rats and mice. The extract also caused significant reduction in the elevated serum enzyme levels and serum bilirubin content in acute liver injury.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants