Feb 12, 2014
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Family ► Mimosaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated throughout the plains of India.

English ► Minila Tamarind, Madras Thorn, Quamachil.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karapilly, Kodukkaa Puli.

Folk ► Vilaayati Imli, Dakhini Babool.

Action ► Bark—astringent, febrifuge, antidysenteric. Stem-bark—spasmolytic. Seeds—anti-inflammatory.

The leaves contain alpha-spinaste- rol; its beta-D-glucoside, octacosanol, kaempferol, its 3-rhamnoside, behenic and lignoceric acids. An insulin-like principle has also been reported in the leaves.

Seeds gave kaempferol, quercetin and a saponin consisting of a mixture of oleanolic and echinocystic acid gly- cosides. Lecithin is also reported from seeds.

The seed exhibited haemolytic agglutinating reaction with human blood. Saponins from seeds show spermicidal activity.

The bark contains tannins (up to 37%) of a catechol type; non-tans 1015%; 1.5% of pectin.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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