Feb 12, 2014
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PIPER NIGRUM

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Linn.

Family ► Piperaceae.

Habitat ► Native of the Indo- Malaysian region; cultivated in Western Ghats, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Assam and Kerala.

English ► Black Pepper.

Ayurvedic ► Maricha, Vellaja, Uushna, Suvrrita, Krishnaa.

Unani ► Filfil Siyaah, Safed.

Siddha/Tamil ► Milagu. Milaguver (root).

Action ► Stimulant, carminative, diuretic, anticholerin, sialagogue, bechic, antiasthmatic. Used in fevers, dyspepsia, flatulence, indigestion, and as mucous membrane and gastro-intestinal stimulant. Externally—rubefacient and stimulant to the skin. Used as a gargle for sore throat. Used with ginger and Piper longum for viral hepatitis.

The fruit yielded piperine, pipera- tine and piperidine; amides, pipery- line, piperoleins A and B, and N-i’so- butyl-cicosa-trans-2-trans-4-dienami- de.

The aqueous extract of roasted black pepper is reported to show cholinomi- metic effect on rat abdominis muscles.

Dosage ► Fruit—500 mg to 1 g. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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