Feb 12, 2014
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PIPER CUBEBA

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Linn. f.

Family ► Piperaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Indonesia; cultivated in Assam and Karnataka.

English ► Cubeb, Tailed Pepper.

Ayurvedic ► Kankola, Kakkola, Kankolaka, Takkola, Koraka, Kolaka, Kashphala, Sheetalchini, Chinoshana.

Unani ► Kabaabchini, Habb-ul- uruus.

Siddha/Tamil ► Valmilagu.

Action ► Fruit—Carminative, diuretic, expectorant. Used for coughs, bronchitis, asthma, urinary tract infections, amoebic dysentery. Stimulates genitourinary mucous surfaces. Oil—antibacterial, used in genitourinary diseases and cystitis.

Key application ► In dysuria. (The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.)

The ground fruits have been found to be effective in treating amoebic dys- tentery.

The oil exhibits antiviral activity in rats and antibacterial in vitro.

Unripe fruit contains volatile oil (1020%) consisting of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons; lignans, mainly cubebine (about 2%), with (-)-cubebinin and ki- nokinin; cubebic acid. The oxygenated cyclohexanes, piperenol A and B, together with (+)-crotepoxide and (+)- zeylenol, have been isolated from the fruit. Polyhydroxy cyclohexanes possess antitumour, antileukaemic and antibiotic activities.

Dosage ► Fruit—1-2 g powder. (API, Vol. I.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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