Wall.Family ► Pinaceae. Habitat ► Northwest Himalayas from Garhwal eastwards at altitudes of 1,800-3,000 m.English ► Neosia Pine, Edible Pine, Chilgoza Pine.Ayurvedic ► Nikochaka. Unani ► Chilgozaa. Action ► Kernels—stimulant, carminative, expectorant. Oil from seeds—externally used for wounds and ulcers.The kernels gave protein 15.9, fat 49.9, carbohydrates 21.6 and mineral matter 2.9%. The mineral constituents include calcium 90.8, phosphorus 92.4 and iron 2.4 mg/100 g. Pectin is present to the extent of 1.73% (calculated as calcium pectate). Seed protein on hydrolysis gave amino acids—leucine, iso- leucine, valine, lysine, phenylalanine, tryptophan and methionine. The oil gave glycerides. The essential oil from oleoresin contains alpha-and beta-pi- nene as major constituents; other constituents are sesquiterpenes.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants