Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► P. morinda Link. Abies smithiana Lindl.

Family ► Pinaceae.

Habitat ► The Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon at altitudes of 1,500-3,500 m.

English ► West Himalayan Spruce.

Folk ► Roi, Rhai, Raghaa, Kathela, Kandre, Morindaa. Spruce (trade).

Action ► Essential oil—antiseptic. Used in bath salts, room sprays and deodorants.

Key applications ► Fir Needle Oil, obtained from Picea abies, synonym P. excelsa)—externally and internally, for catarrhal illness of the upper and lower respiratory tract; externally, for rheumatic and neuralgic pains. (German Commission E.)

The oil contains alpha-pinene, l- alpha-phellandrene, dipentene, bornyl- acetate, cadinene, S-guaiazulene and a bicyclic sesquiterpene. The oil distilled from the leaves collected in Gul- marg had a ester content of 23.2% (as bornyl acetate). The bark contained 4.22% tannin.

Picea abies has been introduced at Manali (at 1,890 m). It yields an ole- oresin which is used in plasters and ointments. The essential oil is used in

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Indian Medicinal Plants

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