Sims.Synonym ► O. americanum Linn.Family ► Labiatae; Lamiaceae.Habitat ► Plains and lower hills of India.English ► Hoary Basil.Ayurvedic ► Kaali Tulasi, Vana-Tulasi.Siddha/Tamil ► Ganjamkorai, Nai-Tulasi.Action ► Plant—stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic. Leaf—bechic, febrifuge; used in cold, bronchitis, catarrh, externally in skin diseases. Essential oil—antifungal. Seeds— hypoglycaemic; also used in the treatment of leucorrhoea and other diseases of urinogenital system.The essential oil at the flowering stage contains citral as a major component along with methylheptenone, methylnonylketone and camphor.Leaves yielded beta-sitosterol, be- tulinic acid and ursolic acid and flavonoids, pectolinarigenin-7-methylether and nevadensin.Seeds exhibited antidiabetic activity, improved glucose tolerance was observed in diabetic patients who were given 30 g seed/day for 1 month, lowering of fasting plasma glucose level up to 30% was also observed. to assess the inheritance pattern of major chemical constituents of essential oils in hybrids produced by interspecific as well as intraspecific crosses of Ocimum sp.).
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants