Spreng.Family ► Cucurbitaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated throughout the country, especially found in Assam, Bengal, South India and Andaman Islands.Ayurvedic ► Karkataka, Kaaravella- jalaja.Folk ► Kakrol (Maharashtra), Bhat-karelaa, Gulkakraa.Action ► Leaf and fruit—used externally for lumbago, ulceration, fracture of bone. Seed—bechic, aperient, emmenagogue, anti- inflammatory, deobstruent. (Used for obstructions of liver and spleen).The tuberous root contains saponins belonging to the pentacyclic tri- terpene glycoside series. Seeds contain momordica saponins I and II (ester glycosides of gypsogenin and quilla- ic acid respectively), the diterpenoid columbin, oleanolic acid, its derivative momordic acid and bessisterol.The seeds contain the glycoprotein, momorcochin S, which exhibits RNA N-glycosidase activity.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants