Feb 12, 2014
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MIRABILIS JALAPA

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Linn.

Family ► Nyctaginaceae.

Habitat ► North-West Himalayas, Bengal and Manipur.

English ► Four-O’Clock Plant, Marvel of Peru.

Ayurvedic ► Trisandhi.

Unani ► Gul-abbaas.

Siddha/Tamil ► Andhimalligai.

Action ► Leaf—used for treating uterine discharge; as poultice for abscesses and boils; fresh juice is applied to body in urticaria, also for inflammations and bruises. Tuber— used as a poultice on carbuncles. Root—mild purgative, spasmolytic.

The tuberous roots were erroneously thought to be the source of jalap.

The plant is used for its antitumour and virus-inhibitory activity.

The plant contains triterpenes, al- pha-amyrin and its acetate. Mirabilis Antiviral Protein (MAP) was isolated from the tuberous roots. MAP also showed antiproliferative effect on tumour cells. (MAP is abortifacient.)

Two Mirabilis jalapa antimicrobial proteins, Mj-AMP-1 and Mj-AMP-2, isolated from seeds, showed broad spectrum antifungal actvity involving a number of pathogenic fungi.

Miraxanthins I, II, III and IV, indi- caxanthin and vulgaxanthin have been isolated from flowers.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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