(L.) Dubard.Synonym ► Minusops Kauki L.Family ► Sapotaceae.Habitat ► A native of Malaya; occasionally grown in gardens, especially in North India, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.English ► Kauki.Ayurvedic ► Khirni.Siddha ► Palai.Action ► Root and bark—astringent. Given in infantile diarrhoea. Seed— febrifuge, anthelmintic, antileprotic. Leaf—used as poultice for tumours.Seeds contain about 16% of fatty oil and 1% saponin.Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Du- bard, synonym Mimusops hexandra Roxb., found in central India and Dec- can Peninsula, and cultivated throughout the greater part of India, is also equated with Khirni.All parts gave taraxerol, a triterpene ketone, alpha-and beta-amyrin, cin- namates, alpha-sipnasterol, beta-sitos- terol, its beta-D-glucoside, quercitol, quercetin and its dihydroderivatives, ursolic acid.The bark contains 10% tannin.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants