Feb 12, 2014
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MANDRAGORA AUTUMNALIS

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Spreng.

Synonym ► M. microcarpa Bertol. M. officinarum Linn.

Family ► Solanaceae.

Habitat ► Mediterranean region.

English ► Mandrake.

Ayurvedic ► Wrongly equated with Lakshmanaa, a fertility promoting herb. (In Indian medicine, Panax quinquefolium Linn. and Panax schinseng Nees have been equated with Lakshmanaa.)

Action ► Anaesthetic, narcotic, poisonous. Alkaloid pattern similar to Atropa belladona. A sample of roots from Morocco contained atropine (0.2% at flowering stage).

In India, Panax sp. are perceived as fertility and vitality promoting herbs, which have been attributed to Laksh- manaa. Mandrake exhibits anticholinergic effects.

English Mandrake and American Mandrake are equated with Bryonia alba and Podophyllum hexandrum respectively.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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