(Koen.) Macb.Synonym ► Bassia longifolia Koenig.Family ► Sapotaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhara Pradesh, Karnataka, Bengal and Maharas- tra.English ► South Indian Mahua.Siddha/Tamil ► Illupei, Elupa, Naatu Iluppai, Iruppai.Folk ► Madhuulaka, Jala-Madhuuka, Jala-Mahuaa.Action ► Same as that of Madhuca indica.Seed kernel gave protobassic acid (a sapogenol) and two major sapo- nins named Mi-saponins A and B and a minor one Mi-saponin C—all bis- desmosides of protobassic acid. Mi- saponins exhibit anti-inflammatory and antiulcerogenic activities.Mahua oil causes total but reversible sterility in male rats as it shows testicu- lar atrophy with degeneration of seminiferous tubules.A related species, Madhuca neri- ifolia (Moon) H. J. Lam., synonym Bassia neriifolia Moon, Bassia mal- abarica Bedd. (known as Atta Illuppei in Tamil), is found in Western Ghats and coastal region of South India.The flowers are used in renal diseases; fruits in rheumatism, cough, asthma and consumption; seed oil is used in rheumatism.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants