Feb 12, 2014
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(Koen.) Macb.

Synonym ► Bassia longifolia Koenig.

Family ► Sapotaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhara Pradesh, Karnataka, Bengal and Maharas- tra.

English ► South Indian Mahua.

Siddha/Tamil ► Illupei, Elupa, Naatu Iluppai, Iruppai.

Folk ► Madhuulaka, Jala-Madhuuka, Jala-Mahuaa.

Action ► Same as that of Madhuca indica.

Seed kernel gave protobassic acid (a sapogenol) and two major sapo- nins named Mi-saponins A and B and a minor one Mi-saponin C—all bis- desmosides of protobassic acid. Mi- saponins exhibit anti-inflammatory and antiulcerogenic activities.

Mahua oil causes total but reversible sterility in male rats as it shows testicu- lar atrophy with degeneration of seminiferous tubules.

A related species, Madhuca neri- ifolia (Moon) H. J. Lam., synonym Bassia neriifolia Moon, Bassia mal- abarica Bedd. (known as Atta Illuppei in Tamil), is found in Western Ghats and coastal region of South India.

The flowers are used in renal diseases; fruits in rheumatism, cough, asthma and consumption; seed oil is used in rheumatism.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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