Feb 12, 2014
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LOLIUM TEMULENTUM

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Linn.

Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat ► The Western Himalayas, Punjab and Upper Gangetic Plain.

English ► Darnel, Taumelloolch.

Ayurvedic ► Mochani.

Folk ► Mostaki, Visha-ghaasa (Bihar).

Action ► Sedative.

The overground parts of the grass gave alkaloids—loline and perloline. The caryopses of the plant contain volatile alkaloids—N-acetylloline, N- formylloline and N-acetylnorloline.

Loline dihydrochloride did not show CNS toxicity.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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