Heyne.Family ► Campanulaceae; Lobeli- aceae.Habitat ► Deccan, Konkan and Western Ghats, at altitudes of 9002,100 m.English ► Wild Tobacco.Ayurvedic ► Devanala, Nala (var.).Siddha/Tamil ► Kattuppugaiyilai, Upperichedi.Action ► Used as a substitute for Lobelia inflata.An analysis of Lobelia nicotianae- folia, grown in Maharashtra, shows that the plant contains appreciable quantities of nor-lobelanine and small amounts of lobinine and minor bases.Lobelia cardinalis Linn., Cardinal Flower, is cultivated in Indian gardens. It contains lobinaline as main alkaloid. Lobinaline depresses blood pressure but has no influence on respiration. L. erinus Linn. and L. succulenta Blume, synonym L. affinis Wall. also contain alkaloids with lobinaline 0.445%.Lobelia cordigera Cav., synonym L. fulgens Willd., an ornamental Lobelia sp., grown in Indian gardens, contains inulin.Lobelia pyramidalis Wall. (Himalayas from Kumaon eastwards to Sikkim and Assam at altitudes of900-2,700 m) contains 0.29-0.38% alkaloids as lobeline, and may be used as a substitute for Lobelia inflata.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants