Feb 12, 2014
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LENS CULINARIS

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Medic.

Family ► Vitaceae.

Habitat ► Forests of tropical and subtropical India, from Himalayas as far west as Kumaon, and southwards to the Peninsula.

Ayurvedic ► Chhatri, Karkatajihvaa, Kukurjihvaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Nalava, Nyekki, Ottanali.

Folk ► Karkani (Maharashtra).

Synonym ► L. esculenta Moench.

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Habitat ► Native to South West Asia; cultivated as a pulse crop mainly in North India, Madhya Pradesh and some parts of Maharashtra.

English ► Lentil.

Ayurvedic ► Masura, Masurikaa, Mangalyaa, Mangalyak, Adaasa.

Unani ► Masoor.

Siddha ► Misurpurpu.

Action ► Seeds—mostly used as a pulse. Contain as much as 30% proteins (similar to those of peas and beans). Soup is used in gastric troubles and constipation. Paste or poultice is applied to foul and indolent ulcers.

Dosage ► Dried seed—10-20 g. (API, Vol. III.) oil, extracted from the seeds, is similar to olive oil. The seeds possess feeble antimalarial activity. The seed extract showed 100% toxicity against Alternaria alternata and marked toxicity against Aspergillus niger.

Dosage ► Root—5-10 g powder. (API, Vol. IV.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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