Sch.- Bip. ex Oliver.Family ► Asteraceae, Compositae.Habitat ► Throughout India, ascending up to 2,100 m in the hills. (Native to tropical Africa and Madagascar.)Folk ► Amadok (Garhwal). Action ► Disinfectant.The plant is one of the major ingredients of an ointment used in the treatment of skin tumours in Chinese medicine. In Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Gabon and Tanganyika, different parts of the plant are used for the treatment of intercostal pain, rheumatic pain and fever. The leaf and root decoctions are used to treat pneumonia.The plant from Nigeria was found rich in phenolic ethers (45%), followed by monoterpenes (22%) and sesquiterpenes (12%). The major component of the oil was dimethyl thy- moquinone (44%). It showed activity against Gram-positive microorganisms. Dried powder of the plant contained artemisetin (artemetin).
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants