Linn.Family ► Rubiaceae.Habitat ► South-western Peninsular India. Cultivated throughout India.English ► Jungleflame Ixora.Ayurvedic ► Bandhuka, Paaranti.Siddha/Tamil ► Vetchi, Thechii.Folk ► Rukmini, Rangan.Action ► Herb—astringent, antiseptic, blood-purifier, sedative, antileucorrhoeic, antidiarrhoeal, anti-catarrhal. Used in dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis, bronchitis. Root—astringent, antiseptic (used against scabies and other skin diseases). Flowers—prescribed in dysentery and dysmenorrhoea.The saponifiable fraction of the petroleum ether extract of roots exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in carrage- enan-induced paw oedema in albino rats.The leaves contain a triterpenoid, lu- peol, which shows anti-inflammatory activity. The crude alcoholic extract and the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited antigenic activity.The flowers contain an essential oil (0.5%) which possesses antimicrobial activity. Flower contain leucocyanidin glycoside.The plant substrate removes heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium and mercury from polluted water.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants