Linn.Family ► Iridaceae.Habitat ► In swamps. Native to America and Canada.English ► Blue Flag Root, Liver Lily.Ayurvedic ► Haimavati Vachaa.Action ► Anti-inflammatory, astringent, cholagogue, laxative, diuretic, antiemetic, blood and lymph purifier, alterative for sluggish conditions of liver, gallbladder and glandular system.Key application ► As laxative. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)The rhizomes contain a volatile oil; a glycoside, iridin; acids including salicylic and isophthalic; a monocyclic C31 triterpenoid; sterols, gum, resin. Irisin is the toxic constituent of the resin. It irritates the mucous membrane, liver and pancreas.The drug is contraindicated in pregnancy. The root powder is toxic at 2 g and fluid extract at 3.7 ml.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants