Feb 12, 2014
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Synonym ► I. arundinacea Cyr.

Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat ► The hotter parts of India, both in plains and hills, ascending up to 2,300 m in the Himalayas.

English ► Thatch Grass.

Ayurvedic ► Darbha, Suuchyagra, Yagnika, Yagyabhuushana, Bahir.

Siddha/Tamil ► Dharba.

Folk ► Daabh.

Action ► Diuretic, anti-inflammatory.

The rhizomes contain flavonoids, together with lignans, graminone A and B. A sesquiterpenoid, cylindrene, and biphenylether compounds, cylindol A and B, are also reported.

Cylindrene and graminone B show inhibitory activity on the contractions of vascular smooth muscles and aorta of rabbit respectively; while cylin- dol A exhibits 5-lipoxygenase inhibitory activity.

The hot aqueous extract of the rhizomes show moderate GTP activity on primary cultured rat hepatocytes intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride cy- totoxicity.

The leaves and stem contain cyano- chroic constituents. The roots contain antibacterial substances. The root is used in fevers but does not possess antipyretic activity.

Dosage ► Root—50-100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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