Feb 12, 2014
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HYDNOCARPUS KURZII

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(King) Warb.

Synonym ► H. heterophylla auct. non-Bl. Taractogenos Kurzii King.

Family ► Flacourtiaceae.

Habitat ► Assam and Tripura.

English ► Chalmogra.

Ayurvedic ► Tuvaraka (related species, substitute for H. laurifolia.)

Unani ► Chaalmograa, Tukhm-e- Biranj Mograa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Niradi-muttu.

Action ► Antileprotic, dermatic, febrifuge, sedative. Used parenter- ally for leprosy; also for psoriasis, eczema and dermatitis.

The plant is a source of chaulmoogra oil (Oleum Chaulmoograe which contains hydnocarpic, chaulmoogric, gor- lic, oleic, palmitic acids and lower homologues of hydnocarpic acid. The oil mixed with neem oil or oil of Psoralea corylifolia is used in leprosy.

In mice, intraperitoneal and subcutaneous administration of chaul- moogra fatty acids demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Mycobac- terium leprae. (PDR.)

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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