Feb 12, 2014
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HIBISCUS CANNABINUS

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Linn.

Family ► Malvaceae.

Habitat ► Native to tropical America and Africa; cultivated in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and Punjab.

English ► Bimlipatam Jute, Kenaf, Mesta, Deccan Hemp.

Siddha/Tamil ► Pulichhai, Pulimanji, Kasini.

Folk ► Patsan, Pitwaa. Ambaadi (Maharashtra).

Action ► Seed—nervine tonic, analgesic. Leaf—purgative. The juice of flowers, mixed with sugar and black pepper, is given for biliousness.

The leaves contain flavonoids, including rutin and isoquercitrin; kaem- pferol; polyphenols. The flowers gave myricetin glucoside; the root contains polyphenols, also proanthocyanidins. The seeds gave phosphonolipids.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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