Feb 12, 2014
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HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM

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Linn.

Family ► Boraginaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India.

English ► Scorpion Tail.

Ayurvedic ► Hastishundi Shrihastini, Vrischikaali.

Siddha/Tamil ► Thaelkodukku.

Action ► Plant—diuretic, astringent, emollient, vulnerary. Used as a local application for ulcers, wounds, sores, gum boils and skin affections. Decoction of leaves is used in urticaria and fevers; that of root in coughs. Flowers—emmenagogue in small doses, abortifacient in large doses. Masticated seeds— stomachic.

Aerial parts of the plant contain alkaloids—indicine (principal base), echinatine, supinine, heleurine, he- liotrine, lasiocarpine and lasiocarpine- N-oxide. Aerial parts and root gave an anticancer principle—indicine-N- oxide.

The aqueous and alcohol extracts of the plant possess oxytocic activity. The roots contain significant amounts of estradiol, a sex hormone.

The inflorescences are used by trib- als for scorpion bite.

Article Categories:
Indian Medicinal Plants

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