A disease of children resulting in acute RENAL failure. A febrile illness of the gastrointestinal or respiratory tracts is followed by intravascular COAGULATION of blood which results in HAEMOLYSIS, ANAEMIA, THROMBOCYTOPAENIA and renal failure (resulting from ﬁbrin deposition in renal arterioles and glomerular capillaries).
The death rate is 2–10 per cent and the majority of patients survive without renal failure. The longer the period of OLIGURIA, the greater the risk of chronic renal failure.
Treatment is supportive, with replacement of blood and clotting factors, control of HYPERTENSION, and careful observation of ﬂuid balance.