Linn.Family ► Caesalpiniaceae, Mi- mosaceaeHabitat ► Native to tropical America and the West Indies. Grown in Indian gardens.English ► Logwood, Peachwood, Compeachy tree.Ayurvedic ► Pattanga, Patraanga, Bakam (substitute). (Caesalpinia sappan is also equated with Pattanga.)Unani ► Buqqam, Bakam-Hindi.Action ► Astringent. Used for atonic dyspepsia, diarrhoea, summer diarrhoea, dysentery, internal haemorrhages, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea. (It imparts red colour to urine and stool. Incompatible with chalk or lime-water.)The wood contains about 10% hae- matoxylon, a red-brown phenolic dye, tannins, resin and volatile oil.Haematoxylin exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in the carra- geenan-induced oedema test.The seed contains crude protein 29.1, pentosan 6.6, and water-soluble gum 3.2%.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants