A collection of varying symptoms, such as persistent tiredness, headaches, muscle pain and poor concentration, reported by members of the Coalition Armed Forces who served in the 1991 Gulf War. Whilst there is strong evidence for a health eﬀect related to service, there is no evidence of a particular set of signs and symptoms (the deﬁnition of a ‘syndrome’) unique to those who served in the Gulf War. Symptoms have been blamed on multiple possible hazards, such as exposure to depleted uranium munitions, smoke from oil-well ﬁres and use of pesticides. However, the only clearly demonstrated association is with the particular pattern of vaccinations used to protect against biological weapons. Many conﬂicts in the past have generated their own ‘syndromes’, given names such as eﬀort syndrome and shell-shock, suggesting a link to the psychological stress of being in the midst of warfare.
Article Categories:Medical Dictionary