auct. non L.
Synonym ► G. subinaequalis DC.Family ► Tiliaceae.Habitat ► Extensively cultivated in India.Ayurvedic ► Parushaka, Parusha.Unani ► Phaalsaa.Siddha/Tamil ► Palisa, Thadachi.Action ► Fruit—stomachic, astringent, cooling. Bark—demulcent. Root bark—antirheumatic. Leaf— used in pastular eruptions.The bark contains taraxasterol, beta- sitosterol, erythrodiol; lupeol, betulin, lupenone, friedelin; alpha-amyrin. The heartwood gave beta-sitosterol. Quer- cetin, kaempferol and their glycosides were also obtained from the leaves.Ripe fruits are rich in vitamin A and C; threonine, phosphoserine, serine and taurine are the dominant amino acids in the juice. The fruits also contain sodium 22, potassium 1250, and calcium 260 ppm Fruits also gave pelargonidin-3, 5- diglucoside, quercetin, quercetin-3-0- beta-D-glucoside, naringenin and 7-0- beta-D-glucoside.The stem bark exhibited antifertility activity.Dosage ► Ripe fruit—20-50 ml juice. (CCRAS.)